Cervical pain is the pain that we feel in the upper region of the spine, sometimes located on the shoulders / neck, and may radiate to the head (headache). It is a pain often associated with posture, and for this reason, often observed in young people in the active phase. Cervical pain can be caused by vertebral pathology and/or intervertebral discs, or it can simply be a muscle problem.
When this pain radiates to the upper limbs, it is called cervicobrachialgia, usually associated with a compression of the spinal nerve. In these cases, there may be a sensation of tingling or loss of sensation, as well as, in more serious cases, loss of strength in the upper limbs.
The dorsal pain or dorsalgia, is located in the middle region of the back and may irradiate the lumbar or cervical spine. It can also cause a fracture or collapse of the vertebral body, appearing after a fall or in people with decreased bone mineral density (osteoporosis).
It is the pathology that we treat most frequently in our clinic, and is one of the most frequent causes of absenteeism at work. Lumbar pain has many causes, the most frequent being herniated discs, joint/facet wear or narrowing of the lumbar spinal canal. When this pain extends to the lower extremities, we speak of lumbociatalgia, also commonly known as sciatica pain.
Sacroiliac joint Pain
We talk about sacroiliac pain and localized pain in the buttocks. This pain is usually caused by the involvement of the sacroiliac joints (union between the sacrum and both iliac bones). Patients who suffer from this pathology usually also report discomfort in the groin area, or in the lower extremities. It is a pain that interferes with long positions maintained, such as sitting.